Statelessness and Citizenship

Statelessness and Citizenship

A Comparative Study on the Benefits of Nationality

Edited by Brad K. Blitz and Maureen Lynch

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that there are more than 12 million stateless people in the world. The existence of stateless populations challenges some central tenets of international law and contemporary human rights discourses, yet only a very small number of states have made measurable progress in helping individuals acquire or regain citizenship. This fascinating study examines positive developments in eight countries and pinpoints the benefits of citizenship now enjoyed by formerly stateless persons.

Chapter 6: Citizenship Reform and Challenges for the Crimean Tatars in Ukraine

Rustem Ablyatifov

Subjects: law - academic, human rights, politics and public policy, human rights

Extract

Rustem Ablyatifov Source: © UNHCR/Greg Constantine 2010. Figure 6.1 While many Crimean Tatars have returned to the Crimea, they face challenges obtaining documentation as well as owning land. Crimean Tatars have created unauthorized settlements on self-captured land like this area outside the city of Simferopol. The Crimea is a unique region of Ukraine with respect to geography, climate, geology and history. It is inhabited by people of various ethnic origins with distinctive languages, cultures, traditions and history. However, the region’s history has left many knotty questions and problems unresolved. One such matter, inherited from the recent past, was the issue of forced deportations that affected among others the Crimean 97 M2482 - BLITZ PRINT.indd 97 21/12/2010 11:56 98 Statelessness and citizenship Tatar people. This situation was not created by the Ukrainian people or the Ukrainian government but rather was a legacy from Stalinist times and the repressive policies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Today more than 250 000 Crimean Tatars and other formerly deported persons (FDP) have returned to the Crimea. However, the measures adopted by the Ukrainian government to accommodate the repatriates are insufficient, and many citizenship issues have not been resolved. This chapter evaluates efforts by the Ukrainian government to reintegrate repatriated Crimean Tatars and, in particular, the citizenship campaigns instituted for their benefit. The aim of this chapter is to assess whether or how the governmental reforms improved the situation of formerly stateless Crimean Tatars. HISTORICAL CONTEXT The Crimean Tatars are indigenous to the...

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