Great Economists Since Petty and Boisguilbert
Edited by Gilbert Faccarello and Heinz D. Kurz
Chapter 24: Barthélemy-Charles Dunoyer de Segonzac (1786–1862)
Charles Dunoyer was born on 20 May 1786 in the department of Lot. He studied in Paris, first at the Académie de Jurisprudence and then at the École de Droit. Hostile to Napoleon, he supported the Provisional Government in 1814 after the first fall of the imperial regime. He was however dissatisfied with Louis XVIII’s “Charte octroyée” and, with Charles Comte – J.-B. Say’s son-in-law – he founded a periodical, Le Censeur, to defend liberal ideas. The publication, first made on a weekly basis and then in thick volumes in order to avoid a censorship, which was limited to publications of less than 320 pages, came to an end for a while. It resumed under the name of Censeur européen, but, in June 1817, Comte and Dunoyer were prosecuted. Comte left the country but Dunoyer was arrested and sentenced to one year of imprisonment. After the Revolution of July 1830, he returned to politics, supported the new regime of Louis-Philippe and was appointed as a Préfet and became a member of the Conseil d’État. Elected to the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, he was a co-founder of the Société d’économie politique, of which he became the president. He opposed Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte’s putsch of 2 December 1851 and resigned from all official positions. He died in Paris on 4 July 1862. For Dunoyer (1827a: 368), the eighteenth-century philosophes, and especially Montesquieu and Rousseau, analysed the organization of society abstracting from the laws of...
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