Gender Stratification in the IT Industry

Gender Stratification in the IT Industry

Sex, Status and Social Capital

Kenneth W. Koput and Barbara A. Gutek

This illuminating monograph introduces a status-equilibrating, social capital explanation for the persistent gender stratification in the field of information technology. The authors analyze why the workforce has become increasingly male-dominated over time by looking at how pre-employment conditions provide different experiences and opportunities for women and men.

Preface

Kenneth W. Koput and Barbara A. Gutek

Subjects: business and management, diversity and management, gender and management

Extract

This monograph introduces a status-equilibrating, social capital explanation for the persistent gender stratification in the male-dominated field of information technology. A multi-cohort, longitudinal study of undergraduate students training for careers in IT reveals that women suffer from lower status and a problem of legitimacy. Simply being female reduces retention and hinders placement in the field. The social network, moreover, operates differently and less simply for women than men. Cohesive cross-sex ties are shown to both alleviate and aggravate the legitimacy problem for women, contingent on the spilling over of status expectations based on sex roles. vi M2456 - KOPUT TEXT.indd vi 23/11/2010 16:16