Table of Contents

New Directions in Social Impact Assessment

New Directions in Social Impact Assessment

Conceptual and Methodological Advances

Edited by Frank Vanclay and Ana Maria Esteves

This important new book outlines current developments in thinking in the field of Social Impact Assessment (SIA). It advances the theory and practice of SIA, and argues that a dramatic shift is required in the way socioeconomic studies and community participation is undertaken. The book emphasizes that, much more than the act of predicting impacts in a regulatory context, SIA needs to be the process of managing the social aspects of development and that there needs to be a holistic and integrated approach to impact assessment. It stresses that greater attention needs to be given to ensuring that the goals of development are attained and enhanced.

Chapter 14: Enhancing the Benefits of Projects through Local Procurement

Ana Maria Esteves, Mary-Anne Barclay, David Brereton and Daniel Samson

Subjects: economics and finance, valuation, environment, environmental sociology, research methods in the environment, valuation, geography, human geography, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, sociology and sociological theory, urban and regional studies, regional studies

Extract

Ana Maria Esteves, Mary-Anne Barclay, David Brereton and Daniel Samson Introduction There is growing interest in several industries in enhancing the opportunities for locally-based businesses to participate in the supply chains of major resource projects. Several companies, especially in the mining, oil and gas sectors, have adopted policies and standards aimed explicitly at increasing ‘local procurement’ or ‘community content’, recognizing that local economic participation has benefits for companies and communities alike. From a corporate perspective, local economic participation is seen as one means of maintaining a social licence to operate, as well as ensuring reliability of supply by having a supplier located nearby. From a community perspective, the participation of local businesses in the resource project is a means by which the benefits of resource development can flow into their communities. The benefits of supply chain participation have become particularly apparent in Indigenous communities where there are now a number of agreements between companies and Indigenous groups that are aimed at enabling greater Indigenous economic participation, and include commitments to support the development of Indigenous-owned enterprises. This chapter is based on the research undertaken by the authors to produce a good practice guide for the Australian mining, oil and gas sector (Esteves et al., 2010). A comprehensive review of procurement practices around the world was undertaken. We also examined 23 companies in the mining, oil and gas sectors to consider how their supply chain practices can contribute to the social and economic development of local communities. The general stories about...

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