Table of Contents

Handbook of Creative Cities

Handbook of Creative Cities

Elgar original reference

Edited by David Emanuel Andersson, Åke E. Andersson and Charlotta Mellander

With the publication of The Rise of the Creative Class by Richard Florida in 2002, the ‘creative city’ became the new hot topic among urban policymakers, planners and economists. Florida has developed one of three path-breaking theories about the relationship between creative individuals and urban environments. The economist Åke E. Andersson and the psychologist Dean Simonton are the other members of this ‘creative troika’. In the Handbook of Creative Cities, Florida, Andersson and Simonton appear in the same volume for the first time. The expert contributors in this timely Handbook extend their insights with a varied set of theoretical and empirical tools. The diversity of the contributions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of creative city theorizing, which encompasses urban economics, economic geography, social psychology, urban sociology, and urban planning. The stated policy implications are equally diverse, ranging from libertarian to social democratic visions of our shared creative and urban future.

Chapter 19: Cultivating Creativity: Market Creation of Agglomeration Economies

Randall G. Holcombe

Subjects: economics and finance, urban economics, geography, cities, economic geography, innovation and technology, innovation policy, urban and regional studies, cities, urban economics, urban studies

Extract

Randall G. Holcombe* Creativity is contagious. That contagion gives rise to agglomeration economies, and is the reason why policy makers want to implement policies that cultivate creativity in their jurisdictions. Richard Florida (2002, 2005a) has given a good account of the role of cities in cultivating the creative class, because creative people want to be where there are ‘vibrant urban districts, abundant natural amenities, and comfortable suburban “nerdistans” for techies so inclined’ (Florida, 2002, p. 11). There are two related but separate issues involved in cultivating creativity in a particular location: what attracts creative people to a particular location; and what makes people creative? A general theme in this chapter is that the first question has been overemphasized in analyses of the creative class, while the second has been relatively neglected. Beyond a doubt creative individuals desire certain lifestyle amenities where they are living, but those amenities will be attracted to locations where creative people live, so policy makers do not need to focus on the amenities. Rather, public policy should focus on implementing policies that make people creative. WHAT MAKES PEOPLE CREATIVE? Florida (2005a, pp. 3–4, emphasis in original) observes that ‘.  .  . the single most overlooked – and single most important – element of my theory is that every human being is creative. . . . Tapping and stoking the creative furnace inside every human being is the great challenge of our time.’ But while every person is creative, not everyone is a part of the creative class. Florida (2005a, p. 3) says that...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information