NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research
Edited by Kenneth Button and Aura Reggiani
Chapter 5: Access to Rail in Urban Areas: Examination of the Number of Stations
Moshe Givoni and Piet Rietveld 5.1 INTRODUCTION Policy makers and railway operators share a similar goal, increasing the use of rail, whether to meet policy goals, such as improved accessibility, or to improve the railways’ financial viability. Key factors in rail use are the number and location of railway stations and their catchment area, the focus of this chapter. Based on earlier research findings, it is now recognized that to increase rail use and encourage a shift from private road transport to rail transport, attention must be focused not only on improving the rail journey but also on the station environment and, equally important, the journey to and from the station (Givoni and Rietveld, 2007). The findings in past research, in essence, underline the need to consider a rail journey as a ‘chain’ of journeys from door to door. Rail operators, should, therefore, consider the whole chain as part of the service they provide. There are two ways to increase the quality of such trip chains: the railway trip itself can be improved, or access to the railway system can be made better. Brons et al. (2009) found that reducing the distance to the station, has the most potential in increasing rail use in this context, and this entails changes in the rail network itself in the form of opening new stations. Other means of improvements in station accessibility, including shortening travel times and increasing service frequency by public transport to and from stations were also found to be statistically...
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