Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Kenneth Button and Aura Reggiani

Recent years have seen considerable changes in the technology of transportation with the development of high-speed rail networks, more fuel-efficient automobiles and aircraft, and the widespread adoption of informatics in disciplines such as traffic management and supply chain logistics. The contributions to this volume assess transportation interactions with employment and income, examine some of the policies that have been deployed to maximize the economic and social impacts of transportation provision at the local and regional levels and analyze how advances in transportation technologies have, and will, impact future development.

Chapter 5: Access to Rail in Urban Areas: Examination of the Number of Stations

Moshe Givoni and Piet Rietveld

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, regional economics, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

Moshe Givoni and Piet Rietveld 5.1 INTRODUCTION Policy makers and railway operators share a similar goal, increasing the use of rail, whether to meet policy goals, such as improved accessibility, or to improve the railways’ financial viability. Key factors in rail use are the number and location of railway stations and their catchment area, the focus of this chapter. Based on earlier research findings, it is now recognized that to increase rail use and encourage a shift from private road transport to rail transport, attention must be focused not only on improving the rail journey but also on the station environment and, equally important, the journey to and from the station (Givoni and Rietveld, 2007). The findings in past research, in essence, underline the need to consider a rail journey as a ‘chain’ of journeys from door to door. Rail operators, should, therefore, consider the whole chain as part of the service they provide. There are two ways to increase the quality of such trip chains: the railway trip itself can be improved, or access to the railway system can be made better. Brons et al. (2009) found that reducing the distance to the station, has the most potential in increasing rail use in this context, and this entails changes in the rail network itself in the form of opening new stations. Other means of improvements in station accessibility, including shortening travel times and increasing service frequency by public transport to and from stations were also found to be statistically...

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