Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Kenneth Button and Aura Reggiani

Recent years have seen considerable changes in the technology of transportation with the development of high-speed rail networks, more fuel-efficient automobiles and aircraft, and the widespread adoption of informatics in disciplines such as traffic management and supply chain logistics. The contributions to this volume assess transportation interactions with employment and income, examine some of the policies that have been deployed to maximize the economic and social impacts of transportation provision at the local and regional levels and analyze how advances in transportation technologies have, and will, impact future development.

Chapter 7: Discussion of the Necessity of Accessibility Standards: The German ‘Guidelines for Integrated Network Design’ (RIN)

Regine Gerike, Andreas Rau and Jürgen Gerlach

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, regional economics, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

Regine Gerike, Andreas Rau and Jürgen Gerlach 7.1 INTRODUCTION Societies are facing a number of ecological, financial and demographic challenges, which are likely to impact on their future development. The transport sector both causes problems and has the potential to help solve them. Modern transport enables global trade and communication but at the same time is responsible for a significant amount of negative environmental, social and political effects; with issues of energy supply and climate change as examples of the most pressing problems. Given that financial and natural resources are becoming scarcer, the question of how much and what type of mobility today’s societies want gains significantly in importance. The goal is to increase the efficiency of the transport system, while at the same time, maintaining basic mobility for all people. The spatial and the transport system should enable all people to satisfy their basic needs, even with the reduction in natural and financial resources. That is, people must be able to reach the destinations where they can satisfy their basic needs. In addition to today’s needs, we must include the needs of future generations in this discussion if we base our argument on the goal of sustainable development as a politically driven and broadly accepted qualitative vision. According to the Brundtland Commission, the qualitative vision of sustainable development can be defined as a development ‘that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (World Commission on Environment and...

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