Arts, Culture and the Making of Global Cities

Arts, Culture and the Making of Global Cities

Creating New Urban Landscapes in Asia

Lily Kong, Ching Chia-ho and Chou Tsu-Lung

While global cities have mostly been characterized as sites of intensive and extensive economic activity, the quest for global city status also increasingly rests on the creative production and consumption of culture and the arts. Arts, Culture and the Making of Global Cities examines such ambitions and projects undertaken in five major cities in Asia: Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Taipei and Singapore. Providing a thorough comparison of their urban imaging strategies and attempts to harness arts and culture, as well as more organically evolved arts activities and spaces, this book analyses the relative successes and failures of these cities. Offering rich ethnographic detail drawn from extensive fieldwork, the authors challenge city strategies and existing urban theories and reveal the many complexities in the art of city-making.

Chapter 4: Hong Kong's dilemmas and the changing fates of West Kowloon Cultural District

Lily Kong, Ching Chia-ho and Chou Tsu-Lung

Subjects: asian studies, asian economics, asian geography, economics and finance, asian economics, cultural economics, regional economics, geography, cities, human geography, urban and regional studies, cities


Hong Kong is not a place usually associated with rich culture and thriving arts. Instead, it is better known as a centre of commerce, finance and telecommunications. Its recent branding efforts have focused on establishing itself as ‘Asia’s world city’, a positioning ‘designed to highlight Hong Kong’s existing strengths in areas such as financial services, trade, tourism, transport, communications, and as a regional hub for international business and a major city in China’ (Hong Kong Government Information Centre, n.d.). Its 2001 Brand Hong Kong programme, intended as the platform for promoting itself internationally as Asia’s world city, was focused primarily on economic opportunity and entrepreneurship. As a corollary, the programme acknowledged the significance of culture. The focus, however, was on hardware – the plan was to develop ‘world-class cultural infrastructure’ in the form of a new 40-hectare arts district (the West Kowloon Cultural District (WKCD), facing the central business district on Hong Kong Island). The plan proclaimed that the district would be a ‘cultural oasis’, designed to ‘enrich the lives of Hong Kong residents, attract visitors from neighbouring cities and enhance even further one of the most beautiful skylines in the world with a new, distinguished landmark’ (Hong Kong Government Information Centre, n.d.). The reference to a ‘cultural oasis’ amounts to a self-acknowledgement of the relative lack of a thriving arts scene in this Special Administrative Region of China.

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