Entrepreneurial Imagination

Entrepreneurial Imagination

Time, Timing, Space and Place in Business Action

Björn Bjerke and Hans Rämö

Schedules and places of production, working times and working places, are no longer fixed due to the effects of the contemporary economy. The authors expertly bring together a focused and themed book that deals wholly with the subjects of time and space in a phenomenological understanding of entrepreneurial action and business ventures. They discuss theories and thinking of human action, space, place and time in various entrepreneurial arenas, including social entrepreneuring, environmental and corporate social responsibility, network forms of entrepreneuring, urban governance and regional development.

Chapter 1: Entrepreneuring – When and Where?

Björn Bjerke and Hans Rämö

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship


TIME, TIMING, SPACE AND PLACE ‘Time’, ‘timing’, ‘space’ and ‘place’ are trivial in a sense, of course. Almost anything we do as human beings takes time, requires timing, occupies space and takes place. However, the idea here is to look at time, timing, space and place as active factors in the sense that a situation would not be the same without considering them. We want to bring time, timing, space and place into the open and turn them into analytical categories in order to better understand entrepreneurship and related economic action in all its different forms. Nowadays, time is frequently reduced to clock-time (objective time), which is equated with speed, and is regarded as an important yardstick against which we measure the value of our activities at work. Action and communication based on right and timely moments to act judiciously in unique situations are also encouraged virtues in business. However, such timely judgement-based decisions cannot be depicted by using clocks only; impromptu situations do occur irrespective of the clock (subjective time). In a similar fashion, attention to the aspects of space and place to business has ranged from economic models of exchange, distribution and allocation in ‘abstract’ geometrical extensions, to more nuanced and contextual understandings of space and place in, for example, entrepreneurial processes and relationship building in organizational networks. The focus of time, timing, space and place in this book is based on a belief that analyses in social science settings remain crippled if there is a partisan focus...

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