Time, Timing, Space and Place in Business Action
RESEARCHING ENTREPRENEURING There are many ways of doing research. One classification which fits our purposes can be seen in Table 3.1. Entrepreneurship research is both the second and the third (the second in the case of the American view and the third in the case of the Scandinavian view). The American view, which is dominating entrepreneurship in research as well as in public discussions, is market based and does not explicitly position entrepreneurship in time, timing, space or place (when compared with the Scandinavian view; however, it is possible to say that the American view positions entrepreneurship in space more than in place). Three things come naturally with such theories: 1. Discussing growth as something primary (which again points at the fact that the American view could be analysed in terms of space, not place) (Coulter, 2001; Wickham, 2006; Allen, 2010) Looking at ‘opportunity recognition’ as a distinctive and fundamental entrepreneurial behaviour (Gaglio, 1997; Kirzner, 1979; Stevenson and Jarillo, 1990; Venkataraman, 1997) Viewing entrepreneurship as a (special) kind of management (Drucker, 1985; Hjorth, 2004; Wickham, 2006). 2. 3. This kind of entrepreneurship research can be divided into four interest areas (compare with Bjerke and Hultman, 2002): the role played by entrepreneurship in the society; the characteristics of entrepreneurs and their thinking; entrepreneurial environments, including intrapreneurship; and entrepreneurial courses of events. One alternative view of entrepreneurship, what we refer to as the Scandinavian view, has another orientation. It may, for instance, mean to look at entrepreneurship as an effort to bring...
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