Chapter 9: The US FCPA as the archetype of supranational anti-bribery regulation
The emergence of the international framework regulating transnational bribery starts in the US with the 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Its key provisions criminalize the act of bribing foreign officials, and require that corporations keep fair and accurate books and records, and put in place an effective system of internal controls. The FCPA represents the foundation upon which the subsequent international anti-corruption framework has been built, providing an original way of dealing with bribery across national boundaries and, hence, playing a pivotal role in shaping the corresponding international rules. It is beyond the scope of the present work to provide a comprehensive illustration of the FCPA. However, understanding the main features of the US FCPA (along with the case law which further delineated its contours) means understanding the underpinnings of the larger international antibribery scheme.
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