The primary criminal issues generally covered by the anti-bribery treaties deal with the offenses being criminalized by the Contracting Parties; typology and level of sanctions; liability of legal persons; jurisdictional criteria; statute of limitations and provisions on international (criminal) cooperation. After having addressed the provisions regarding offenses, sanctions, liability of legal persons - that is to say the main substantive criminal issues - we now attempt to conduct a horizontal examination of the different conventions' provisions with reference to competence ratione loci and the mechanisms of judicial cooperation foreseen by the instruments under analysis.
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