Exploring Integrated Assessment Approaches
Edited by Desmond McNeill, Ingrid Nesheim and Floor Brouwer
Chapter 8: Pressure on Land in the Yogyakarta Region, Indonesia
Nina Novira, Syarifah Aini Dalimunthe, Nur Indah Sari Dewi, Triana Sefti Rahayu, Aditya Pandu Wicaksono, Hannes König and Johannes Schuler PROBLEM DESCRIPTION Indonesia is facing a major problem concerning land conversion. Forests are to a large degree being converted to plantations, and agricultural fields are being converted to settlements and business areas. Although Indonesia’s target for the 7th Millennium Development Goal (MDG) ‘Ensure environmental sustainability’ is to regain these lost resources, the efforts have not yet been successful (Bappenas, 2007). The Yogyakarta Special Region (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY) is among the fastest-growing provinces in Indonesia. The rapid economic growth, the high standards of education services and the images of DIY as a good and convenient place to live, have attracted more and more people to migrate into the area; on the other hand, migration has been the motor for a fast-growing economy. In DIY, urbanization is the main driver of land conversion from agricultural use to residential and business use. The rapid urbanization and migration into the area have become threats to both the environmental and the social dimensions of sustainable development. There has been a tremendous decrease in water availability in DIY, and a lack of waste management is causing the water to be polluted. With regard to the social dimension, a high immigration of socially well-off people is causing conflicts with the local residents (Faturohman et al., 2004). Furthermore, land conversion is reducing agricultural land in DIY. The expansion of the urban area is being achieved...
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