Exploring Integrated Assessment Approaches
Edited by Desmond McNeill, Ingrid Nesheim and Floor Brouwer
Chapter 12: Lessons from a Comparative Analysis of Case Studies
Ingrid Nesheim, Desmond McNeill, Irina Bezlepkina, Floor Brouwer, Youssouf Cissé, Shuyi Feng, Patrick Gicheru, Nina Novira, Seema Purushothaman, Saulo Rodrigues-Filho and Mongi Sghaier INTRODUCTION This chapter draws on the analysis in Part I and the case studies in Part II to identify similarities and differences in practice. What sort of problems and issues are regarded by researchers and stakeholders as of high priority? From an understanding of the complex interplay of different causal factors – economic, social, environmental and institutional – do there emerge some factors determinant of the current situation? Do the terms on which trade-offs can be made between different objectives – economic, social, and environmental – vary widely between case studies: and can one discern patterns here? How important is the governance issue – as a causal factor contributing to the problems identified, and as a constraint to be addressed in seeking to improve the situation? Broadly the points of comparison follow the different issues as included in the case studies: the problem identification, the causal chains, with an emphasis on the various drivers, institutional factors, indicators and the prioritized policies. An important component of the studies has been the involvement of others apart from the researchers themselves, mainly through the National Policy Forums. This process is also described and assessed. Each of the case studies addresses a land use related problem that is of significance in the wider context of sustainable development. They relate to all three dimensions of sustainable development, but with varying emphasis: from a primary focus on the...
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