Exploring Integrated Assessment Approaches
Edited by Desmond McNeill, Ingrid Nesheim and Floor Brouwer
Floor Brouwer, Desmond McNeill and Ingrid Nesheim PERSPECTIVE OF THE VOLUME This volume offers a wide-ranging overview of efforts to improve the understanding of land use policies in the context of sustainable development. The selected case studies that are reviewed originate from Latin America, Africa and Asia. They also include a range of economic development pathways (with societies facing extreme poverty in Mali and Kenya, and emerging economies with high growth rates in China and India). In addition, different pressures on the environment are observed, with biodiversity loss in Brazil and Indonesia, land degradation processes in Tunisia, Kenya, Mali and India, as well as problems related to the availability and quality of water resources in Tunisia, Mali, Kenya, China and India. Finally, social constraints are observed in many cases, and the required institutional setting often is not in place to implement the policies properly. Although the case studies are very varied, a number of conclusions emerge from the volume regarding the development and use of tools to assess the impacts of land use policies for sustainable development in developing countries. 1. The significance of land use policies for sustainable development. Land use related activities are influenced by several sectors; while agriculture and forestry are dominant users of the limited land resources in most cases, tourism and the designation of nature conservation zones are important as well. Policies such as those identified in the case studies to cope with land degradation are often also targeted at the alleviation of poverty in...
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