Livelihoods in the REDD?
Edited by Luca Tacconi, Sango Mahanty and Helen Suich
Chapter 1: Forests, Payments for Environmental Services and Livelihoods
Luca Tacconi, Sango Mahanty and Helen Suich INTRODUCTION Payment for Environmental Services (PES) schemes, where the providers of environmental services receive payments for the adoption of land uses and practices that support those services, are relatively recent in the developing world. There is strong interest in PES schemes because of their potential to mobilize new resources for conservation and achieve development outcomes. This interest has increased with recent discussions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on a mechanism for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD).1 REDD would require the provision of financial incentives to developing countries to conserve their forests, and could possibly include payments to people with rights over the forests in question. These developments have heightened interest in learning from past and present PES schemes, matched by concerns about their impacts – and those of REDD – on the rights and livelihoods of local resource users and managers. This book therefore addresses the following questions: ● ● What have been the impacts of PES schemes on livelihoods? What are the implications for the design of incentive mechanisms for REDD at the local level? To address these questions, case studies of PES schemes were selected to represent implementation at a variety of scales, with different tenure structures, across Africa, Asia and Latin America. This book presents these case studies, and concludes with a comparison of the main livelihood impacts documented in these case studies and the implications for the design of incentive mechanisms for REDD at...