Livelihoods in the REDD?
Edited by Luca Tacconi, Sango Mahanty and Helen Suich
Chapter 5: The Livelihood Impacts of Incentive Payments for Watershed Management in Cidanau Watershed, West Java, Indonesia
Beria Leimona with Rachman Pasha and N.P. Rahadian INTRODUCTION Payment for environmental services (PES) is now quite a well recognized approach in Asia. Interest and investment from international donors has enabled the testing of different PES mechanisms over the last decade, particularly those focusing on watershed protection and carbon sequestration. With the exception of China and Vietnam, where the schemes are staterun, schemes in Asia are generally small-scale, community-level projects. The case study presented in this chapter is located in Cidanau, Indonesia. The Cidanau watershed is one of the most important watersheds supplying the domestic and industrial water needs of Banten Province, Java Island, Indonesia. The watershed covers 22 260 ha located between two regencies: Serang and Padeglang, and their six sub-districts. The Cidanau watershed also has a special role in biodiversity protection. In the base of the bowl-shaped Cidanau watershed lies the Rawa Danau Reserve – a 4200 ha nature reserve, which contains the only remaining lowland swamp forest in Java and has 131 endemic species. The reserve is important in the hydrological process, too, as the reservoir for the Cidanau River and its tributaries, which then flow into the Sunda Strait. The Cidanau project was initiated by a multi-stakeholder watershed forum – Forum Komunikasi DAS Cidanau (FKDC)1 and facilitated by the Rekonvasi Bhumi and the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Education & Information – both Indonesian non-government organizations (NGOs). In the beginning, the aim of the PES scheme was to slow down the environmental degradation of the Rawa Danau Reserve...
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