The Role and Impact of Universities in National Innovation Systems
New Horizons in Entrepreneurship series
Edited by Poh Kam Wong
Chapter 2: The Role and Impact of Universities in National and Regional Innovation Systems: Kyushu University’s Experience
Toru Tanigawa, Hiromi Sasaki and Megumi Takata 2.1 INTRODUCTION 2.1.1 Background and Purpose of Research With the spread of the internet, the world economy has become increasingly close-knit, and the information and knowledge gap between countries and regions has narrowed markedly. As Thomas L. Friedman says in his book The World Is Flat, a newly competitive country or region can appear anywhere in the world. Under these conditions, it is commonly recognized that the competitiveness of a country or region depends largely on its power to bring about innovation, and that much of that power comes from universities. In the discussion below, we will explain how university-industry collaboration (UIC) in Japan is contributing to the national and regional innovation systems, mainly focusing on the example of Kyushu University. University-industry collaboration is steadily expanding across Japan, primarily through joint research and sponsored research, but also through technology transfer and university start-ups. These contributions made by Japanese universities through UIC are being highlighted in various policies set out by the government, such as the Science and Technology Basic Plan. More and more achievements are being made. However, compared with the USA which has great university-industry collaboration, the level of UIC in Japan, and universities’ awareness of UIC, are both low. In the next section we will discuss the contributions made through universityindustry collaboration by Japanese universities as a whole to the national and regional innovation systems in Japan. 29 M2781 - WONG TEXT.indd 29 27/10/2011 16:04 30 Academic entrepreneurship in Asia...
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