National Government Interventions in a Global Arena
Elgar original reference
Edited by Frank Wijen, Kees Zoeteman, Jan Pieters and Paul van Seters
Chapter 3: Collaboration of National Governments and Global Corporations in Environmental Management
Kees Zoeteman and Eric Harkink SUMMARY Globalisation is transforming the power of nation-states to manage environmental problems and sustainability issues. States are losing their traditional power in certain areas while, at the same time, doors are being opened for the use of new policy instruments. To identify possible opportunities for such new instruments, attitudes of actors towards sustainability were assessed and analysed. We developed a quantitative model of sustainability attitudes, which we tested on 116 nation-states and several business sectors (the oil and gas industry, the dairy industry, the banking sector, and the airlines industry). The results of the study show a significant relationship between the attitudes of multinational companies and their countries of origin, especially in North-Western Europe. Key factors stimulating these parallels are the vulnerability to global consumer choices and the impact of home-country culture in the global operations of multinational companies. INTRODUCTION Globalisation has positive and negative impacts on the sustainability levels of nation-states and the possibilities of governments of safeguarding environmental quality. Extra economic growth that results in a higher standard of living for large groups in society is generally seen as a positive national effect of globalisation. However, this does not occur automatically. Globalisation is likely to benefit a country only when nation-states have a good governance structure, implement laws well, have free press, 57 M2782 - WIJEN TEXT.indd 57 16/11/2011 11:30 58 A Handbook of Globalisation and Environmental Policy, Second Edition and have democratised institutions. Friedman saw the nation-states in this respect as...
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