Edited by David S. Clark
* 1 The field of comparative law and society embraces the common or overlapping area of two constituent disciplines: comparative law, and law and society. That means that some comparative law aims, typically among many professional objectives and methods, such as most statutory interpretation and case analysis, would be of little interest to socio-legal scholars. Conversely, sociological or cultural aims and some professional objectives in comparative law, such as institution building, normally would be of interest. On the other side, socio-legal research that focuses on a single legal jurisdiction in which the comparatist resides—by itself—would not be useful to comparative law. Only when the researcher combines that work with other similar research on a foreign jurisdiction does the comparatist’s curiosity arise. Approaches to comparing legal systems or parts of legal systems often involve a broad view for the discipline of comparative law, something other than the narrow focus on legal rules for a professional or practical purpose. Since there have been many philosophies and definitions of law, ideas about legal systems have been similarly diverse. A legal system may refer to the rules of a tribe, city, nation, the international order or the natural rules for humankind itself. If the purpose of investigation is to accumulate knowledge or to test general explanatory propositions, it may be relevant for socio-legal scholars. In general, a system involves regular interactions among elements that together make up an entity with boundaries. Thus, lawyers, judges, legislators, administrators, the police and legal scholars all work...