Elgar original reference
Edited by Patricia Kennett
Chapter 18: Globalization, crime and comparative criminal justice
The globalization of crime needs to be examined not only as a feature of objective changes in the nature of criminal behaviour and threats, but also as an aspect of changes in the approaches that are used to combat or to study crime. Globalization presents or exacerbates a series of difficult choices for national and international policy-makers. In turn, policy decisions (and non-decisions) help shape globalization. Arguments referring to the globalization of crime influence a variety of local, national and international interventions. Social actors involved include politicians, administrators, police forces and the secret services – and the media. But we should not forget the part played by commercial organizations such as banks and businesses, and (where it comes to illegal immigration) by airlines and lorry drivers. Because crime, crime control and criminology are so interrelated, attention must also be given to the discourses of practitioners and criminological experts whose responses help shape the problem of crime. This chapter will first say something about what is meant by globalization and offer an outline of possible links between globalization, crime and crime control. It will then discuss the rise and implications of ‘globalizing criminology’ and conclude with some consideration of the implications for social policy.