Chapter 5: Innovation and Globalisation: A Systems of Innovation Perspective
Jeremy Howells 1 Introduction The systems of innovation approach has proved valuable in exploring the role of geographical scale and different scalar levels in relation to the innovation process and as a way of analysing wider socioeconomic processes and institutional arrangements in innovative activity that have been so often neglected in the past. From a nationally based starting point, in terms of national systems of innovation (NSI: see Freeman, 1987, 1988; Lundvall, 1988; Edquist, 1997a), the systems of innovation approach has been considerably extended as a conceptual construct. Thus, Chris Freeman (1987, 1) originally dened the systems of innovation concept (from a national perspective) as ‘the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies’. The concept has widened and developed over time (see reviews by Lundvall, 1992b; Nelson, 1992; Nelson and Rosenberg, 1993; McKelvey, 1994; Freeman, 1995; Edquist, 1997b; Archibugi et al., 1999), but it is these institutional and infrastructural settings (which were initially reviewed at a national level) that frame the search, exploration and learning processes involved in innovation, that remain the foundations of the approach and its perspective (Lundvall, 1992b, 12; Galli and Teubal, 1997, 351–3) at whatever scale. Thus, in spatial terms the application and conceptualisation of the approach has moved in terms of its exploration and development as a concept, both ‘up’, to global systems of innovation (see, for example, Spencer, 2000; Carlsson, 2006), and ‘down’, both to regional systems of innovation (RSI;...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.