Research Handbooks in Environmental Law series
Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins
Chapter 19: Climate mitigation and waste management in the Asia-Pacific
The generation of waste is closely linked to population size, urbanization and affluence, but a state’s capacity to manage its waste and mitigate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that derive from it, is a function of that state’s regulatory and institutional regimes and the extent to which it has access to appropriate resources, infrastructure and incentives. There is, therefore, a clear demarcation between developed and developing countries’ capacities to manage waste. This chapter provides an overview of key waste management policies in the Asia-Pacific, a highly diverse region which consists of developed economies (Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Japan), economies-in-transition (Malaysia, Thailand, China, to name a few), and still relatively poor, developing countries (the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and all the Pacific island countries, again to name just a few). Owing to space constraints, this chapter focuses on two flagship countries that have introduced progressive waste management policies in recent years, some with the explicit intent to reduce GHG emissions.
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