Table of Contents

Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law

Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law

Research Handbooks in Environmental Law series

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

Governments around the world have been trying to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for decades. This detailed Handbook considers the spectrum of legal and market-based instruments as well as strategies and policies adopted around the world and suggests more effective, comprehensive and responsive ways of managing climate change mitigation.

Chapter 19: Climate mitigation and waste management in the Asia-Pacific

Karen Hussey

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental law, law - academic, energy law, environmental law


The generation of waste is closely linked to population size, urbanization and affluence, but a state’s capacity to manage its waste and mitigate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that derive from it, is a function of that state’s regulatory and institutional regimes and the extent to which it has access to appropriate resources, infrastructure and incentives. There is, therefore, a clear demarcation between developed and developing countries’ capacities to manage waste. This chapter provides an overview of key waste management policies in the Asia-Pacific, a highly diverse region which consists of developed economies (Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Japan), economies-in-transition (Malaysia, Thailand, China, to name a few), and still relatively poor, developing countries (the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and all the Pacific island countries, again to name just a few). Owing to space constraints, this chapter focuses on two flagship countries that have introduced progressive waste management policies in recent years, some with the explicit intent to reduce GHG emissions.

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