Research Handbooks in Environmental Law series
Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins
Chapter 31: Climate change mitigation in India
India is home to more than a billion people and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The trajectory of India’s economic growth is largely dependent on fossil fuels, creating an insatiable demand for energy resources, which is likely to grow in the coming years. This also implies that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would increase in the future. Globally, the use of fossil fuel is responsible for maximum emissions, and the case is no different in India. Much like the global scenario, more than 50 per cent of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions come from energy-related activities. A large part of India and its people are extremely vulnerable to climate change and its impacts. The physiographic characteristics and the location, coupled with an economy heavily dependent on natural resources, exacerbate this. With a significant population living below the poverty line without access to basic amenities, India has the challenge of balancing economic growth with ensuring an inclusive and low carbon growth.
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