European Universities and the Challenge of the Market

European Universities and the Challenge of the Market

A Comparative Analysis

Marino Regini

This major volume sheds light on the changing relationship between higher education and the economy in the major European nations. It is the outcome of extensive comparative research on higher education institutions and the economy in six European regions that were specifically chosen due to their similarities in terms of economic development: the English North West, Hesse in Germany, Rhone-Alpes in France, Lombardy in Italy, Catalunyia in Spain and the Netherlands. This unique comparative nature allows the authors to draw out the variations between regions and identify institutional differences.

Chapter 3: Student Services and the Labour Market

Renata Semenza

Subjects: business and management, management and universities, economics and finance, economics of education, education, economics of education, management and universities

Extract

Renata Semenza 3.1 INTRODUCTION Among the objectives of the Bologna Process marking the beginning of a new era of European universities are student-centred teaching and the improvement of student employability and job placement. Governments are paying increasing attention to international comparisons as they search for effective policies that provide incentives for greater efficiency in the provision of education and help to mobilize resources to meet rising demand. For universities, the reform process means a shift from a logic based on the interests of the academic community to one based on institutions open to the external environment. A number of services assume great importance because they make it possible to improve performance with regard to the two principal university stakeholders, namely, students and companies. This mission of HE institutions is today more generalized than in the past. It involves a set of programmes – from orientation to tutorship to internships and practical training programmes, from services matching the supply and demand of graduates to monitoring their entry into the labour market – that create closer ties between universities and the external economic environment and the employment system, and not only at the local level. The drive to transform university education and make it more international, which was apparent in most of the universities considered – thanks to European exchange programmes (Socrates, Erasmus, Erasmus Mundus), the creation of joint degrees and doctorate programmes – has opened national borders and created potential new transnational markets. Although the tendency of universities to assume the role of service providers...

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