Chapter 5: Government and Governance – How to Build and Sustain a Consistent Focus: The Case of Three Italian Cities
Stefano Mollica, Marco Lucchini and Giovanna Hirsch 5.1 INTRODUCTION The main objective of the chapter is to give evidence of some relevant experiences of Italian municipalities active in local development processes, looking at both the successful and unsuccessful sides of each of the cases presented. The chapter develops starting from the general hypothesis that, since the beginning of the 1990s, Italian local administrations have attempted to change their role by trying to become more active in local development processes. Some experiences can be considered successful, some others not. In any case, the administrations have had to face many difficulties in reaching their achievements and some inverted trends have occurred. The approach of our analysis is through case studies and historical analysis, also using ad hoc interviews with local actors to look at certain specific issues in more depth. The chapter is organized as follows. In Section 5.2, the normative changes occurring in Italy since the 1990s in the public administration sector will be presented briefly showing the general framework in which some specific experiences took place. Section 5.3 will focus on the changes that particularly influenced the role and the organization of local governments. In Section 5.4, the case of three different Italian municipalities will be presented, paying particular attention to the role of public administration in the processes of local development undertaken. Section 5.5 will look at some policy implications and will open the general discussion on the role of local governments as local development promoters. 90 M2422 -...
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