6. The European Union’s policy on Kosovo Stephan Keukeleire, Arben Kalaja and Artan Çollaku INTRODUCTION1 The analysis in this chapter on the European Union’s foreign policy in and on Kosovo adopts a political perspective from the viewpoint of the specific Kosovan context. The focus is not on the relevant EU institutions and decision-making processes in Brussels, but on the EU actors in Kosovo and on the policy implementation and policy output on the ground. It not only illuminates the EU’s policy in Kosovo from an EU perspective (that is, to what extent does this policy achieve the objectives that were determined), but also analyses and assesses the EU’s policy from a Kosovan perspective. In this context, it is important to ask questions that would shed light on the EU’s policy within the specific Kosovan context, while examining the extent to which the EU takes this context into account, or mainly follows its own Brussels agenda. The specificity of the Kosovan context being the departure point of this chapter, the following section provides a short historical background in order to point to the dilemmas and challenges with which the EU is confronted in this context, while the third section deals with the current legal, political and socio-economic aspects of this context. The latter is not only useful to further illuminate the policy challenges and dilemmas, but is also necessary to bring to the fore the broader policy agenda from a Kosovan point of view and to provide criteria against which to...
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