The Shifting Roles of the EU, the US and California
Edited by David Vogel and Johan Swinnen
Heddy Riss, Johan F.M. Swinnen and David Vogel This book is the result of a project on regulatory cooperation between the EU and US, with a specific focus on California, to assess the possibilities and constraints of regulatory cooperation between the jurisdictions with respect to biosafety and biodiversity. The project was based on the assumption that the regulatory policies of economically important political jurisdictions, such as the US and EU, have extra-territorial policy impacts. California was chosen as an additional case, because it has emerged as a regulatory policy leader in the US. Historically California has been a regulatory first-mover at both the national and international levels. The EU has increasingly taken up this role at the global level. Hence the EU at the global level and California at the national level have both emerged as regulatory policy leaders. More recently California has become a vehicle for the dissemination of European regulatory policies within the US – first at the state level and lately at the federal level as well. In addition, and as several authors indicate, the EU and California share many geographical similarities. The central objectives of this project were twofold. First, our goal was to generate original academic research on key issues in handling global environmental challenges and in transatlantic regulatory cooperation that would be relevant for policy-makers. The project brought together an interdisciplinary transatlantic group of academics trained in economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, risk management, chemistry and environmental studies. Their chapters address several important dimensions...