Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship

Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship

Studies in Regional Economic Development

New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough

Regional economic development has experienced considerable dynamism over recent years. Perhaps the most notable cases were the rise of China and India to emergent country status by the turn of the millennium. With time now for hindsight, this book identifies some of the key forces behind these development successes, namely agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship.

Chapter 6: Entrepreneur urban policies and regional learning governance

Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Masamitsu Onishi and Hayeong Jeong

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, economics and finance, economics of innovation, regional economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, urban and regional studies, clusters, regional economics

Extract

In many developed countries, voluntary associations are becoming integral resources for providing public services (Douglas, 1987). Voluntary associations include not only non-profit organizations (NPOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) but also polymorphic forms of organizations with loose organizational structures. It is difficult to give a rigorous definition for a voluntary association. Recently, various social and non-profit pilot programs for public policies are being implemented. There are many examples of voluntary associations playing a very important role in examining policy as well as in community renovations. In Japan, a voluntary association is referred to as a 'new public'. The role of voluntary associations is expected to be a new type of public-private partnership (PPP) which would be different from the traditional relationship framework between the public sector and the private sector. This research is motivated by a question: 'how can voluntary associations help in providing public services and urban development?' This chapter discusses voluntary association-mediated public services (VAMPS) as an 'entrepreneur based approach' for achieving effective urban policies and its generation mechanism.

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