Emergence, Influence and Legitimacy
Edited by Philipp Pattberg, Frank Biermann, Sander Chan and Ayşem Mert
Chapter 3: Explaining the Geographic, Thematic and Organizational Differentiation of Partnerships for Sustainable Development
Sander Chan and Christina Müller Transnational public–private partnerships have become a preferred instrument of global governance for sustainable development. At the 2002 WSSD, the failure to achieve sustainable development goals was blamed on an implementation gap that could be countered by intensifying and increasing partnership arrangements. Following Chapter 2 that analyses in more detail the political bargaining process involved, this chapter focuses on the emergence of partnerships for sustainable development. While the rise of public–private partnership as a distinct form of governance has been widely acknowledged in the governance and public policy literature, the question of how such partnerships emerge at the global stage has yet to be answered. In the first part of this chapter we review various suggestions concerning the emergence of partnerships for sustainable development from a number of theoretical perspectives, including rationalism, functionalism, policy network theory and institutionalism. The second part of this chapter examines the patterns of emergence of partnerships for sustainable development. The theories discussed here are expected to have specific implications for the geographic scope of partnerships, the policy area in which they emerge as well as for the participation of different actors in partnerships. Hence, discrepancies between the theoretical expectations about the emergence of partnerships and the empirically observed patterns of emergence raise the question of whether current theories provide a sufficient analytical framework for the appraisal of partnerships. The empirical assessment is based on the GSPD (see Chapter 1, this volume). 44 M2883 - PATTBERG 9781849809306 PRINT.indd 44...