Table of Contents

Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports

Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports

Elgar original reference

Edited by Eva Marikova Leeds and Michael A. Leeds

Women’s sports have received much less attention from economists than from other social scientists. This Handbook fills that gap with a comprehensive economic analysis of women’s sports. It also analyzes how the behavior and treatment of female athletes reflect broad economic forces.

Chapter 8: The goals and impacts of age restrictions in sports

Ryan M. Rodenberg

Subjects: economics and finance, sports

Extract

Chronological age is frequently used as a proxy of convenience for maturity and competency (Sowell and Mounts, 2005; McCann and Rosen, 2006). Non-sport examples include laws mandating a minimum age for alcohol consumption, automobile driving, military service, and voting rights (Miron and Tetelbaum, 2009). Similarly, in the sports industry, eligibility is often determined according to one’s age. Sports provide a near-ideal laboratory to study the interaction between precocity and minimum age rules, as Bernhardt and Heston (2010) generally found that ‘sports settings provide abundant clean data’ (p. 14). Kahn (2000) posited that there ‘is no research setting other than sports where we know the name, face, and life history of every production worker and supervisor in the industry’ (p. 75). Kahn also observed that ‘professional sports leagues have experienced major changes in labor market rules and structure – such as the advent of new leagues or rules about free agency – creating interesting natural experiments that offer opportunities for analysis’ (p. 75). The imposition of minimum age rules in sport creates a quasi-natural experiment. Precocity has long been an issue in sports, especially in women’s sports, as young women typically mature physically earlier than young men do. Professional tennis provides several examples.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information