Ethics and the Evaluation of Transport Policies and Projects
Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Preface and acknowledgements
This book is written thanks to my faculty offering me a part-time sabbatical, in order to study ‘something other’ than my mainstream research focus (I hold a chair in Transport Policy). I chose the link between transport and ethics. What were the reasons for this decision? A first motivation is my deep interest in multi-disciplinary research. After a (Dutch equivalent of a) Masters in geography, I have been professionally inspired by other disciplines, the most important being civil engineering, economics, psychology, environmental and managerial sciences. New job positions were the most important trigger for studying ‘new’ disciplines, but also my belief that both scientific progress, as well as the practical use of science, benefits from a multi-disciplinary (and in some cases an interdisciplinary) approach. In addition, ethics (and more broadly, philosophy) had been – up to undertaking the work that resulted in this book – almost completely absent in my research focus. A second motivation comes from my experiences with Cost–Benefit Analysis (CBA). Although they are quite positive, I had the feeling that something was still missing. Part of my work relates to the ex ante evaluation of transport projects and policies. In most western countries mainstream economic reasoning is very dominant in ex ante evaluations of transport projects and policies, CBA being the most widely used framework for evaluation. I have supported the use of CBA in several roles, for instance in my work as a member of scientific committees, to check if CBAs for large infrastructure projects were made...