Building Innovative Ecosystems
Edited by John Sibley Butler and David V. Gibson
Chapter 12: Technology Transfer and Commercialization in Russia
Nikolay Rogalev 1 INTRODUCTION The start-up of innovative activity in Russia will be examined from the late 1980s to the present. The country had already recognized a necessity for change toward a market-oriented economy with new methods not so much focused on development as focused on technology transfer from scientific research centers and universities to industry. The first seminar for Technoparks and Business Incubators took place in Tomsk, Siberia, in 1989. Apart from Russian members, a number of reputable experts from Europe, the United States, and Canada participated in the seminar. This seminar in large measure laid the foundation for Russia’s innovation development. 2 HISTORY AND TRENDS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN RUSSIA Set-up and Development of Science and Technology Parks The innovation activity started in the university environment via innovative science and technology programs and via the organization of university science parks at leading higher education institutions. In 1990, the first science parks were founded in Tomsk as part of the Tomsk higher education institutions and the Tomsk Scientific Center of Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and in Zelenograd as part of the Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (MIET). More recently, university-related science parks were founded in Saratov, Moscow, St Petersburg, and Ufa. The Higher School Science and Technology Park Association (hereinafter called the Technopark Association) was also founded in 1990. From the time of its foundation, the Technopark Association has consolidated efforts of higher education institutions and university science parks. 330 M2540 - BUTLER...
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