Table of Contents

Before and After the Economic Crisis

Before and After the Economic Crisis

What Implications for the ‘European Social Model’?

Edited by Marie-Ange Moreau

This timely book casts new light on the key issues arising from the contentious debate around the future of the European Social Model. The book brings together leading experts to provide a thorough and well-informed response to the recent developments in European social and labour law and policy, in the light of institutional changes. The contributors provide unique insights as they evaluate the impact of the enlargement processes, the implications of the Lisbon treaty, the integration of the Charter into EU law – and, crucially, the consequences of the economic crisis.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Marie-Ange Moreau

Subjects: law - academic, european law, labour, employment law, law and society, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy


Marie-Ange Moreau Discussion about the future of the European Social Model (ESM) needs to be precise with this so-debated notion. If presented as ‘European social models’, the plural refers to the diversity and the differences of the national social models in Europe and the movement of classification of these models, through limited convergence or common denominators. It has been possible following Espin-Andersen to identify three different models1 for welfare policies, but the building of ‘families’ or ‘models’ of industrial relations systems and labour law systems is highly debatable, especially with 27 member states, because of the original combination in each system between industrial relations, market forces, state intervention and collective bargaining (Hyman, 2009). The book considers that the ESM is the result of the process created by EU law and EU policies: the reference here to the ESM is not just a political discourse for the future (Jepsen and Serrano, 2006) nor the common denominator of these national models. Then, even the definition giving by Hyman of the four main characteristics of the ‘European social model’, through industrial relations, market forces, state intervention and collective bargaining is useful to compare the European main tendencies with American or Japanese ones: it is elaborate from a substantial comparative and simplified analysis of the national systems, without a focalization on the process created by the EU Law and the substantial content of EU Law through the Europeanization process. The European social model is the result of a social and legal construction at the...