Collective Action, Social Learning and Transdisciplinary Research
Elgar original reference
Edited by Frank Moulaert, Diana MacCallum, Abid Mehmood and Abdelillah Hamdouch
Chapter 22: Technological incubators of solidarity economy initiatives: a methodology for promoting social innovation in Brazil
Like many emerging economies, Brazil has long suffered from the consequences of a colonial development pact (Prado Junior 2006). It is a society marked by social exclusion, whose consequences are apparent in the country’s very high unemployment and under-employment rates. Between the 1960s and the early 2000s, accelerating industrial growth, the rise of the global market and reorganized global production processes deepened the impact of exclusion throughout Brazil. One small segment of Brazilian society inherited the land and, with it, the country’s wealth and political power; a much larger segment lives in conditions of acute poverty, even destitution. This in turn leads to social and economic marginalization, a situation clearly demonstrated by data gathered from the country’s main cities (IBGE 2010). For the people living mainly on the outskirts of the major cities, this marginalization is reproduced territorially.
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