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Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
Dorothy Stahl Brady
Dorothy Stahl Brady (1903–77) Dorothy S. Brady was a statistician who devoted most of her research efforts to the design and interpretation of survey data on household income and expenditures. Her career combined academic appointments with appointments in US federal agencies. She spent two extended periods at the Bureau of Labor Statistics, from 1943 until 1948 and then from 1951 to 1956 (Reid, 1987, p. 272). The large 1935–36 surveys of income and expenditures in rural and in urban households had provided data to test Commerce Department estimates of the distribution of national income, consumption and savings. Brady examined price and consumption data in the context of efforts to control inﬂation, and designed the statistical method to price urban household budgets to assess geographic differences in the cost of living. She participated in the Conference on Income and Wealth of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and was instrumental in making participants aware of data limitations. Using statistical techniques to randomize the effects of omitted variables, she demonstrated that the percentage of income saved by households increases along with relative position in an income distribution. She also found that the inequality of measured income distribution tends to increase as the income of a population increases secularly because the age at which children leave home, often with ﬁnancial assistance from parents, tends to decrease as incomes rise. EVELYN L. FORGET Bibliography Selected writings by Dorothy Stahl Brady (1940) (et al.), Family Income and Expenditures. 5 Regions, Part 2,...
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