Elgar original reference
Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
(1847–1929)1 Millicent Garrett Fawcett is best known as the foremost leader of the women’s suffrage movement in Britain. She was active in the movement almost from its inception, making her ﬁrst suffrage speech in 1868. By the 1880s her speeches and writings had made her the movement’s intellectual leader, and from 1907 to 1919, she was President of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS, which represented the movement’s ‘moderate’ wing, as distinguished from the ‘radical’ wing led by the Pankhursts). Although suffrage was Fawcett’s primary focus, she also campaigned to increase women’s access to education, employment and the professions, and to make laws on property, marriage and divorce fairer to women. Millicent Garrett received little formal education but came from a family of strong-minded individuals active in the liberal circles of the time. Her father was a wealthy grain and coal merchant in Suffolk, and her mother raised ten children while also helping with family business affairs. Millicent’s older sister, Elizabeth Garrett (Anderson), was the ﬁrst British woman to pursue a career as a physician. Millicent was initially educated at home, reading voraciously and taking part in the household’s energetic discussions of politics and world affairs. She attended a girls’ boarding school from the ages of 12 to 15. At 19, Millicent married Henry Fawcett (1833–84), the blind professor of political economy at Cambridge University, who was a Member of Parliament, a disciple and friend of John Stuart Mill, and a feminist. Becoming Henry Fawcett’s...
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