Table of Contents

A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists

A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists

Elgar original reference

Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget

This major original reference work includes over one hundred specially commissioned articles on the lives and writings of women who made significant contributions to economics. It sheds new light on the rich, but too often neglected, heritage of women’s analysis of economic issues and participation in the discipline of economics. In addition to those who wrote in English, some notable Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Swedish women economists are included. This book will transform widely-held views about the past role of women in economics, and will stimulate further research in this exciting but underdeveloped field. It is dedicated to the memory of Michèle Pujol, a pioneer in the field.

Flora Tristan

Jean Shackelford

Extract

Flora Tristan (1803–44) The writings of Frenchwoman Flora Tristan have yet to be explored in discussions of early economic thought. Feminists, however, rediscovered Tristan’s work in the 1920s, and again in the 1990s, and have examined her writing in the contexts of the intellectual development of feminist thought, social theory and socialist and Utopian thought. Although she wrote numerous pamphlets and petitions, a novel (Mephis), three travel narratives (Peregrinations of a Pariah 1833–1835, Promenades dans Londres, or, The London Journal, and Le Tour de France), and a political treatise calling for an international workers’ union (L’Union Ouvrière), Tristan’s work has remained outside the borders of classical political economy. Yet, in 1963, G.D.H. Cole declared Tristan’s plan in L’Union Ouvrière to be ‘the first published project of a world-wide Workers’ International, … she was the first person to put forward a definite plan for an all-inclusive Proletarian International’. In many of her writings Tristan dealt with perspectives on political economy and capitalism in particular, and on developing her theory linking women’s inequality to economic forces. The London Journal initiated her political and historical critique of capitalism and foreshadowed Marx’s discussions of worker alienation and exploitation. In The London Journal, Tristan put forth her theory that gender inequality is a cornerstone of both capitalism and patriarchy, arguing that capitalism fosters sexism and exploits both workers and women. She saw these two forms of exploitation as interconnected and pointed out that equality for women without economic transformation would only...

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