Elgar original reference
Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
(1883–1972) Born in Glenham, New York in 1883 and dying of a heart attack in Kingston, New York, in 1972, not long before her 89th birthday, Van Kleeck graduated from Flushing High School in 1900 and received her AB from Smith College in 1904. Her father was an Episcopal minister and her mother the daughter of one of the founders of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In her AB, Van Kleeck concentrated on economics and social work and subsequently undertook graduate studies in social economy at Columbia University under the supervision of Edward T. Devine and Henry R. Seager. While at Columbia, Van Kleeck joined a group of social investigators and women reformers which included Lillian Brandt, Florence Kelley (q.v.) and a number of other feminists associated with the Women’s Trade Union League of New York. She was a fellow of the College Settlements Association and during 1905–6 conducted research on child labour in the factories and tenements of New York City. Following this experience, as Industrial Secretary of the Alliance Employment Bureau, Van Kleeck launched her pioneering investigations into women’s employment. The Russell Sage Foundation began supporting her studies in 1908, and in 1910 integrated them into the work of its newly established committee on women’s employment chaired by Henry Seager. Van Kleeck’s studies were characterized by the use of rigorous statistical methods – which involved collection and analysis of data from factory records, payroll sheets and other ofﬁcial documents – attention to the relationship between wage levels...
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