Chapter 25: Franz Böhm (1895-1977)
25 Franz Bohm (1895-1977) Heinz Grossekettler A survey of Bohm’s life and work Franz Bohm was born in Constance on 16 February 1895, the son of a jurist who was later to become the Badenese Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs. He passed the school-leaving examination in 1913 and, after serving in World War I, he studied law in Freiburg. In 1922 and 1924 he passed the two examinations which law students in Germany have to take in order to complete their legal education. After that he became a public prosecutor in Freiburg. As early as 1925, however, he moved to the Reich Ministry for Economics, where he was put in charge of the antitrust enforcement department. While he was employed in the Economics Ministry, Bohm was working on a doctoral thesis on the conflict between monopolists and outsiders. The dissertation was supervised by a law professor, Heinrich Hoeniger, and completed in 1931. After that, Bohm wrote a post-doctoral thesis which was appraised by a jurist, Hans Grossmann-Doerth, and by Walter Eucken, a well known economist. The two theses were published together in a book entitled Wettbewerb und Monopolkampf (‘Competition and the struggle for monopoly’) (Bohm, 1933). In order to become a professor at a German university, one normally has to gain a doctorate (Promotion) and qualify as a lecturer (Habilitation). As a rule, a professorship must be offered by a different university from the one where a scholar has taken his doctorate and earned his habilitation. In 1937, Bohm...
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