The Environmental Movement in the Transition Process
Chapter 5: Case Studies
INTRODUCTION The previous chapter identified general trends and developments within the Czech environmental movement during the period 1990–2000. Though the specific strategies and actions of individual organisations were often referred to, the focus was on the impact of changes in the political opportunity structure and the effects of resource constraints on EMOs as a whole. Observations regarding the interaction between EMOs and the political elite, the impact of resource constraints on organisations and the emergence of new, more radical, aggregations referred to individual cases only to enforce the general argument. By contrast, this chapter is more descriptive; it recounts the development of three quite different organisations that reflect the diversity of organisational forms within the present-day environmental movement. The objective here is to elaborate on the specific issues and trends highlighted in the previous chapter and to identify how, despite variation in strategies and approaches, they have all grappled with similar constraints over the past decade. In essence, the broad aim here is to reinforce the core arguments and themes of the book by focusing in detail on case study organisations. The three case study organisations selected reflect the diversity of organisations within the movement: Hnutí Duha is best described as a combination of a public interest lobby and professional protest organisation. It has been transformed since the early 1990s from an amorphous aggregation of young activists with an esoteric and global focus to arguably the most high profile professional EMO in the country today. It has branches across...