Table of Contents

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Edited by Gerrit De Geest

    The second, expanded edition of the acclaimed Encyclopedia represents a major update of the most authoritative reference work in the field of law and economics and the nine print volumes are now released online as a single integrated product.

    The Encyclopedia provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the major domain in law and economics, including: criminal law, regulation, property law, contract law, tort law, labor and employment law, antitrust law, procedural law, and the production of legal rules. Each theme or volume is overseen by a leading scholar and each of the 156 entries is prepared by an expert in the field, providing an in-depth and authoritative overview of the individual topic, combined with an exhaustive bibliography, allowing users to access and filter the entire corpus of literature in law and economics.

    As with the print edition, the Encyclopedia is unique in serving both as an entry point and a platform for advanced research. The online edition is enhanced with Elgaronline’s powerful search tools, facilitating the search for key terms across the entire Encyclopedia, whilst the browse function allows users to move seamlessly between the volumes. These elements combine to create a powerful research tool for any researcher or scholar in the field of law and economics.

    Abbreviations

    Edited by Gerrit De Geest

    Subjects: economics and finance, law and economics, law - academic, law and economics

    [In: Volume 1, Michael Faure (ed) Tort Law and Economics]

    ACC

    Accident Compensation Corporation

    ACCI

    American Council on Consumer Interests

    AEI

    American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research

    ALI

    American Law Institute

    a.M.

    am Main

    AMA

    American Medical Association

    AMI

    Acute Myocardial Infarction

    AO

    Administrative Office

    ATRA

    American Tort Reform Association

    BGB

    Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch

    BJS

    Bureau of Justice Statistics

    CA

    California

    CBO

    Congressional Budget Office

    CCECQA

    Le Comité de Coordination de l’Evaluation Clinique et de la Qualité en Aquitaine

    CEO

    Chief Executive Officer

    CERCLA

    Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act

    CHA

    California Healthcare Association

    CMA

    California Medical Association

    CMPA

    Canadian Medical Protective Association

    CPSC

    Consumer Product Safety Commission

    DC

    District of Columbia

    DCE

    Designated Compensable Event

    DCFR

    Draft Common Frame of Reference

    DES

    Diethylstilbestrol

    DOT

    Department of Transportation

    DPT

    Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus

    DREES

    Direction de la recherche, des études et de l’évaluation et des statistiques

    EC

    European Community

    ECU

    European Currency Unit

    EEC

    European Economic Community

    EG

    Europäische Gemeinschaft

    ENEIS

    Étude nationale sur les événements Indésirables graves liés aux Soins

    EU

    European Union

    p. xixFDA

    Food and Drug Administration

    FIG

    Frontier Insurance Group

    HMPS

    Harvard Medical Practice Study

    IAEA

    International Atomic Energy Agency

    ICJ

    Institute for Civil Justice

    IGAS

    Inspection Générale des Finances, Inspection Générale des Affaires Sociales

    IHD

    Ischaemic Heart Disease

    IL

    Illinois

    IMO

    International Marine Organization

    IOPC

    International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds

    ISO

    International Organization for Standardization

    IZA

    Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH

    JAMA

    The Journal of the American Medical Association

    JLEO

    The Journal of Law, Economics and Organization

    JLS

    The Journal of Legal Studies

    LGDJ

    Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence

    MA

    Massachusetts

    MAI

    Medical Adversity Insurance

    MLDA

    Minimum Legal Drinking Age

    MN

    Minnesota

    NAIC

    National Association of Insurance Commissioners NBER National Bureau of Economic Research

    NCSC

    National Center for State Courts

    NEA

    Nuclear Energy Agency

    NEBA

    Net Environmental Benefit Analysis

    NGO

    Non Governmental Organisation

    NHS

    National Health Service

    NICE

    National Institute for Clinical Excellence

    NJ

    New Jersey

    NSC

    National Safety Council

    NY

    New York

    OECD

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

    ONIAM

    L’Office National d’Indemnisation des Accidents Médicaux

    OSHA

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration OTA Office of Technology Assessment

    P&I

    Clubs Protection and Indemnity Clubs

    PIAA

    Physicians Insurers Association of America

    PRP

    Potentially Responsible Party

    QALY

    Quality Adjusted Life Year

    p. xxR&D

    Research & Development

    RTDC

    Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Civil

    Stan. L. Rev.

    Stanford Law Review

    STOPIA

    Small Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement

    TOPIA

    Tanker Oil Pollution Indemnification Agreement

    UCLA

    University of California, Los Angeles

    UK

    United Kingdom

    UNFCCC

    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    UPCAM

    Université Paul Cézanne-Aix-Marseille III

    USA/US

    United States of America

    VSL

    Value of a Statistical Life

    VSLY

    Value of a Statistical Life Year

    WC

    Workers’ Compensation

    WW II

    World War II