Table of Contents

Handbook of Measures for International Entrepreneurship Research

Handbook of Measures for International Entrepreneurship Research

Multi-Item Scales Crossing Disciplines and Contexts

Edited by Nicole Coviello and Helena Yli-Renko

The Handbook of Measures for International Entrepreneurship Research is a user-friendly collection of multi-item measures developed and used in the research of international entrepreneurship and important areas related to it: international business, entrepreneurship, marketing, strategy, and innovation.


Edited by Nicole Coviello and Helena Yli-Renko

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, international business, research methods in business and management, research methods, research methods in business and management

This Handbook represents the culmination of several years of work to review (and stay on top of) the fast-growing international entrepreneur-ship (IE) literature. Because IE, by defnition, sits at the intersection of other disciplines, we needed to identify high-quality measures from not only IE, but its parents (international business, entrepreneurship) and important complementary research felds (marketing, strategy and innovation).

We have numerous parties to thank for enabling us to complete this vast project. First and foremost, we would like to thank the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) for their fnancial support. Their funding—to support knowledge mobilization around IE—has been catalytic to the global community of scholars working in this area. In the context of this Handbook, a sub-grant allowed us to train and support an extraordinary team of graduate students in the process of reviewing, assessing, and summarizing high-quality multi-item measures for use by others. In particular, we would like to acknowledge the following students, all studying for their PhD at the Lazaridis School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada:

  • Ken (Yongjian) Chen

  • Jon Kerr

  • Hamed Mehrabi

  • Greg Tanguay.

This project has also had the support of the leadership team for the SSHRC grant. In particular, we would like to thank Rod McNaughton (University of Auckland), Hamid Etemad (McGill University), Becky Reuber (University of Toronto), and Eileen Fischer (York University). We are also grateful for the support of the Lazaridis School of Business and Economics at Wilfrid Laurier University and the Marshall School of Business at the University of Southern California.

Also critical has been the community of IE scholars around the world, including our colleagues who always provide moral support and encouragement. They are too many to mention, but we hope they know who they are. A particularly important group is those colleagues who participated in our open-source measure workshop at the 17th International McGill IE Conference in Santiago, Chile. You know you might be on to a good thing when most of the conference attendees show up for your workshop!

p. xivWe would also like to thank the publishing and administrative team that helped make this Handbook happen. Edward Elgar Publishing has been a longstanding supporter of IE research and we are thrilled that they are publishing this Handbook. More specifcally, Alan Sturmer has shown consistent support and demonstrated an entrepreneurial spirit when we wanted to do something a little diferent for a Handbook. Thank you, Alan. At Laurier, Nicole couldn’t have pulled things together without the assistance of Amanda Kristensen. Thank you, Amanda.

Finally, we have a patient set of families behind us. Nicole thanks her husband Joern for his love and support when she was sitting at a computer for hours or away working with Helena. Helena thanks her husband Vesa and children Sebastian and Erika for their love and understanding.

We hope you find this Handbook useful and that you will leverage the measures within it to address the many investigative opportunities in IE and other growing areas of interface research.