Table of Contents

Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law

Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law

Edited by Michael Faure

The Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law is a landmark reference work, providing definitive and comprehensive coverage of this dynamic field. The Encyclopedia is organised into 12 volumes around top-level subjects – such as water, energy and climate change – that reflect some of the most pressing issues facing us today. Each volume probes the key elements of law, the essential concepts, and the latest research through concise, structured entries written by international experts. Each entry includes an extensive bibliography as a starting point for further reading. The mix of authoritative commentary and insightful discussion will make this an essential tool for research and teaching, as well as a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers.


Edited by Michael Faure

Subjects: environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law

Deepa Badrinarayana, Professor, Chapman University Fowler School of Law, USA

David Benson, Senior Lecturer, Department of Politics and the Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, UK

William W Buzbee, Professor of Law, Georgetown University, USA

Margaret R Caldwell, Deputy Director, Oceans, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, USA

Alejandro E Camacho, Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Land, Environment, and Natural Resources, University of California, Irvine, USA

Cinnamon Carlarne, Professor of Law, Michael E Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University, USA

Hong Sik Cho, Professor of Law, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea

Robin Kundis Craig, William H Leary Professor of Law, SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah, USA

Brandon Curtis, Associate of Law, Jorden Bischoff & Hiser, Arizona, USA

Joanna Dafoe, Yale Law School, JD expected 2017; Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Master of Environmental Science 2014, USA

Patrick DeArmey, Attorney-at-law, Gunpowder RIVERKEEPER®, Maryland, USA

Javier de Cendra de Larragán, Dean, Professor of Law, IE Law School, Madrid, Spain

John C Dernbach, Distinguished Professor of Law, Director of the Environmental Law and Sustainability Center, Widener University Commonwealth Law School, USA

Nicolas de Sadeleer, EU Law Jean Monnet Chair, University of St Louis (Brussels), Belgium

Meinhard Doelle, Professor of Law, Director of the Marine and Environmental Law Institute, and Associate Dean Research, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, Canada

Wybe Th Douma, Senior Researcher on European Law and International Trade Law, Asser Institute, The Hague, the Netherlands

David M Driesen, University Professor, College of Law, Syracuse University, USA

Birgitte Egelund Olsen, Professor of Law, Department of Law, Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark

Kirsten H Engel, Charles E Ares Professor of Law, University of Arizona, USA

p. xiv Daniel A Farber, Sho Sato Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Heline Sivini Ferreira, Professor of Environmental Law, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Brazil

Steven Ferrey, Professor of Law, Suffolk University Law School, USA

Sheila R Foster, University Professor and Albert A Walsh Professor of Law, Fordham University, USA

Duncan French, Head of Law School and Professor of International Law, University of Lincoln, UK

Paolo Galizzi, Clinical Professor of Law, Fordham University School of Law, USA

Michael B Gerrard, Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice, Director, Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School, USA

Navraj Singh Ghaleigh, Senior Lecturer in Climate Law, University of Edinburgh, UK

Matthew Hall, Professor of Law and Criminal Justice, University of Lincoln, UK

Sean B Hecht, Evan Frankel Professor of Policy and Practice, UCLA School of Law, USA

David Hodas, Distinguished Professor of Law, Delaware Law School, Widener University, USA

Tuula Honkonen, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Eastern Finland, Finland

Shi-Ling Hsu, John W Larson Professor of Law and Associate Dean of Environmental Programs, Florida State University College of Law, USA

Andrew Jordan, Professor of Environmental Policy, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Alice Kaswan, Professor, and Dean’s Circle Scholar, University of San Francisco School of Law, USA

Andrea Keessen, Assistant Professor, Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University, the Netherlands

Sang-Hyup Kim, Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Green Growth, College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Republic of Korea

Sarah Krakoff, Professor of Law and Schaden Chair, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA

Kati Kulovesi, Professor of International Law, Law School, University of Eastern Finland (UEF); Co-Director, UEF Centre for Climate, Energy and Environmental Law

Michael A Livermore, Associate Professor, University of Virginia School of Law, USA

Kun Lu, PhD candidate, Environmental and Resources Law Institute, School of Law, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

p. xv Jesse Lueders, Emmett/Frankel Fellow in Environmental Law and Policy, UCLA School of Law, USA

Rosemary Lyster, Professor of Climate and Environmental Law, Sydney Law School, Australia

Molly Loughney Melius, Fellow, Environmental and Natural Resources Law and Policy Program, Stanford Law School, USA

Zhang Meng, PhD Student, China Institute of Boundary and Ocean Studies, Wuhan University, China; Centre for Environmental and Energy Law, Faculty of Law, Ghent University, Belgium

Hari M Osofsky, Professor and Faculty Director, Energy Transition Lab, University of Minnesota Law School, USA

Jacqueline Peel, Professor, Melbourne Law School, Australia

Marjan Peeters, Professor of Environmental Policy and Law, Maastricht University, the Netherlands

Benjamin Pontin, Senior Lecturer, Cardiff Law School, Cardiff University, UK

Lavanya Rajamani, Research Professor, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi, India

Arnold W Reitze Jr, Professor, University of Utah College of Law, USA

Jesse Reynolds, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of European and International Public Law, Tilburg Law School, and Tilburg Sustainability Center, Tilburg University, the Netherlands

Benjamin J Richardson, Professor of Environmental Law, University of Tasmania, Faculty of Law and Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Australia

Francesca Romanin Jacur, Lecturer in International Environmental Law and Sustainable Development, University of Milan, Italy

Thomas Schomerus, Professor of Environmental and Energy Law, Leuphana University; Judge, Lueneburg, Germany

Joanne Scott, Professor of European Law, University College London, UK

Diogo Andreola Serraglio, PhD Student in Law, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Brazil

Francesco Sindico, Reader in International Environmental Law and Director of the Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law and Governance, University of Strathclyde Law School, Glasgow, Scotland, UK

Manuel Peter Solis, Lecturer, Adelaide Law School, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Benjamin K Sovacool, Professor of Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark, and Professor of Energy Policy, University of Sussex, UK

p. xvi Peter-Tobias Stoll, Chair for Public Law and Public International Law, Director, Department for International Economic and Environmental Law, Institute for International Law and European Law, University of Göttingen, Germany

Lisa Grow Sun, Associate Professor of Law, Brigham Young University, Utah, USA

Tang Tang, Lecturer, Shanghai Maritime University, China

A Dan Tarlock, Distinguished Professor of Law, IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, USA

Qin Tianbao, Luojia Professor of Law, Director, Research Institute of Environmental Law (RIEL), Vice Dean, School of Law, Wuhan University, China

Ximena Fuentes Torrijo, Professor of Public International Law, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile

Harro van Asselt, Professor of Climate Law and Policy, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland; Senior Research Fellow, Stockholm Environment Institute, Oxford, UK

Marleen van Rijswick, Professor of Dutch and European Water Law, Director of the Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University, the Netherlands

Michael P Vandenbergh, David Daniels Allen Distinguished Chair of Law, Vanderbilt University, USA

Robert RM Verchick, Gauthier-St Martin Chair in Environmental Law, Loyola University New Orleans, USA

Christina Voigt, Professor, University of Oslo, Faculty of Law, Department of Public and International Law/PluriCourts Centre of Excellence for the Study of Legitimacy of International Courts, Norway

Xi Wang, Professor, Environmental and Resources Law Institute, School of Law, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Meredith Wilensky, Associate attorney at Lozeau Drury LLP; Former Associate Director, Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School, USA

Katrina M Wyman, Sarah Herring Sorin Professor of Law, New York University, USA

Yan Zhang, Master of Law Degree candidate, Environmental and Resources Law Institute, School of Law, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China