AbstractThis chapter looks at the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). It examines the Dublin system of allocating responsibility for unauthorised asylum seekers to the European Union country in which they first arrive; the harmonisation of the definition of a refugee and beneficiaries of protection for those in refugee-like situations (subsidiary protection), the procedures for determining refugee status and the reception conditions for asylum seekers (eg rights with respect to accommodation); efforts to share responsibility for refugees within the EU, such as the efforts to relocate asylum seekers; and the ‘external dimension’, including efforts to resettle refugees from third countries, and regional protection programmes that seek to improve protection in countries within the region of the refugee flow. The chapter documents the different forms of regionalism evident in the tension between individual EU member states’ desire to deter refugees and practices and proposals for reform that focus on sharing responsibility.
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