Handbook of Research on Fair Trade
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Handbook of Research on Fair Trade

Edited by Laura T. Raynolds and Elizabeth A. Bennett

Fair trade critiques the historical inequalities inherent in international trade and seeks to promote social justice by creating alternative networks linking marginalized producers (typically in the global South) with progressive consumers (typically in the global North). The first of its kind, this volume brings together 43 of the foremost fair trade scholars from around the world and across the social sciences. The Handbook serves as both a comprehensive overview and in-depth guide to dominant perspectives and concerns. Chapters analyze the rapidly growing fair trade movement and market, exploring diverse initiatives and organizations, production and consumption regions, and food and cultural products. Written for those new to fair trade as well as those well versed in this domain, the Handbook is an invaluable resource for scholars and practitioners interested in global regulation, multi-stakeholder initiatives, social and environmental certification, ethical labeling, consumer activism, and international development.
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Chapter 20: Fair trade, peace and development in conflict zones

Eileen Davenport and William Low


Academic discussions of fair trade have traditionally viewed this global social movement through the lenses of international development and globalization as an attempt to address the structural injustice of the prevailing (free) trade system. Fridell (2007, 24) says, ‘from a theoretical perspective, the origins of the [fair trade] network’s development vision lie in the structuralist, dependency and world systems theories’ which argue that the existing gap between core (i.e., rich) and periphery (i.e., poor) countries is maintained, in part, through international trade policies. Murray and Raynolds (2007, 6) agree, suggesting that fair trade, or alternative trade as it was more commonly referred to in its early days, ‘is best understood as an emerging response to the negative effects of contemporary globalization, and particularly to the often unjust and inequitable nature of contemporary international trade’. The fair trade movement, which developed out of an array of approaches to social justice and decolonization, remains multi-faceted, but one of its enduring and to date neglected aspects, we would argue, has been its focus on peacebuilding and the link between peacebuilding and development. However, as we discuss, the concept of peace and peacebuilding within fair trade is contested, as fair trade concepts have embedded both the non-violence of the Historic Peace Churches and the fight for a just peace by the proponents of liberation theology. In this chapter we propose to do three things.

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