This chapter discusses whether a peaceful solution was ever possible to nearly three decades of conflict in northern Uganda, which included serious crimes committed by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and its commander Joseph Kony. In this first situation referred to the Court by the President of Uganda, the crimes included the deaths of tens of thousands of civilians and displacement of almost 90 per cent of the population. The chapter details how the LRA, even while it was pretending to be interested in a peaceful solution, continued committing crimes in the DRC and the border areas of Uganda, Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR). The chapter concludes that today the remaining options seem to be either a military victory over the LRA or the arrest and transfer of Kony and the LRA indicted leaders to The Hague to face justice before the ICC as no peaceful solution was ever possible.
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