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Environmental Regimes in Asian Subregions

China and the Third Pole

Simon Marsden

Informed by international law, international relations and environment management scholarship, this interdisciplinary analysis of environmental regimes in Asian subregions proposes a new regime for the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau based on China’s cooperation with its south Asian neighbors.
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Chapter 3: Connecting central Asia with southwest, north and Eurasia: the Caspian Sea, Aral Sea and sustainable development regimes

China and the Third Pole

Simon Marsden

Extract

Chapter 3 examines central Asia. It first evaluates the Caspian Sea Convention. The objective of this is to protect the Caspian environment from all sources of pollution including the protection, preservation, restoration and sustainable and rational use of the biological resources. It contains guiding principles and obligations such as EIA. It also evaluates the water resource arrangements for the Aral Sea: primarily the Joint Management and Conservation of Interstate Water Resources Agreement, the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea Agreement, and the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination Statute. Chapter 3 furthermore considers the Environmental Protection for Sustainable Development Convention. The purpose of this last treaty is to ensure the effective environmental protection and improvement of the environment across central Asia, including the rational use of natural resources, and to reduce and prevent transboundary environmental damage through the harmonization and coordination. Principles and provisions for specific environmental media are included, together with cooperation, access to information and public participation. The provisions of each are again (where possible) compared and analysed with respect to the research questions outlined in Chapter 1 in an effort to evaluate their effectiveness. The role of China in connection with each regime is again also analysed and conclusions are drawn. Keywords: Caspian Sea, Aral Sea, Sustainable Development

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