Chapter 1: EU constitutionalism, crisis and the security of the European project
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The chapter argues that EU constitutionalism is driven by the meta-rationale of security. It begins by illustrating the main paradigms of European integration, taking a cursory look at other disciplines, including international relations and political theory. While the traditional narrative depicts the liberal project of European integration as the gradual and progressive development from an economic community, in which fundamental rights are absent, to a fully-fledged organization or polity, the argument is here instead that security and fundamental rights are pivotal self-justifying discourses of power within the EU, operating in terms of empowerment both of the EU citizen and of the EU as a collective entity. Six dimensions of the security of the European project are distinguished: spatial, temporal, popular, ontological, epistemic, semantic or reflexive. Finally, the chapter points out that security and crisis are intertwined and analyzing them together allows to unravel the contradictions and ambiguities of the European project.

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