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A General Theory of Economic Development

Towards a Capitalist Manifesto

Sung-Hee Jwa

This book makes the bold attempt at proposing a new general theory of economic development. The main premise is that economic institutions and policies must embody ‘economic discrimination’ if there is to be any chance of real economic development. By economic discrimination, the author means ‘treating differences differently’ by selecting and supporting economic entities and behaviour that contribute positively to the economy. The book identifies markets, government and corporations as the ‘holy trinity of economic development’, that is, the three most important institutions that must work together via economic discrimination to steer the economy towards real transformative progress. The book also warns against the current trend of economic egalitarianism or ‘not treating differences differently’ because it destroys economic incentives and results in an array of economic problems including growth stagnation.
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Chapter 5: Eastern condensed economic development

Towards a Capitalist Manifesto

Sung-Hee Jwa

Extract

This chapter discusses the condensed (or rapid) Eastern economic development experiences of Japan, Korea and China. It attempts to understand the common features of industrial policy of the three countries during their economic take-off, as well as the common features of policy failure that have contributed to growth stagnation in Japan and Korea in recent years. Essentially, during economic take-off, economic policy has been discriminatory, while economic egalitarianism has been responsible for the recent years of economic decline. This chapter also argues for the important role of corporations in the economic take-off of Japan and Korea as well as China.

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